Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe

(OSCE)
   Founded in 1973, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe is one of the world’s largest intergovernmental organizations (IGO). The Russian Federation, as well as the other former Soviet republics, is a member of the organization. Originally created as a forum for East-West dialogue during the Cold War (known as the Helsinki Process), the OSCE’s charter has expanded greatly over time.
   Today, it is dedicated to regional security, freedom of the press, fair elections, arms control, and the protection of human rights. Russia’s relationship with the organization is complex. The OSCE monitored and reported on the situation inside the Eastern Bloc during the late Soviet period, increasing the pressure on the region’s one-party regimes to democratize and protect human rights, particularly those of ethnic minorities. Since Russia’s independence, the OSCE has criticized Russia for its activities in Chechnya, as well as a number of post-Soviet conflict zones where it maintains peacekeeping forces, including Transnistria, Tajikistan, NagornoKarabakh, and Georgia. Boris Yeltsin returned the criticism, condemning the OSCE for not doing enough to protect the rights of ethnic Russians in the near abroad, particularly in the Baltic States and Central Asia.
   Under Vladimir Putin, the clampdown on nongovernmental organizations received strong criticism from other OSCE members, and created demands that Moscow live up to its commitments as a member of the IGO. In 2004, Russia and several other members of the Commonwealth of Independent States issued a joint statement chiding the OSCE for its politicization, “double standards,” and disregard for the “national sovereignty” of its member states. The statement was taken as a defense of the growing prevalence of “managed democracy” in the Newly Independent States of Eurasia and pushback against OSCE election monitoring in the region.
   See also Civil society.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe — OSCE redirects here. For other uses, see OSCE (disambiguation). Organization for Security and Co operation in Europe (OSCE) …   Wikipedia

  • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe statistics — State (51)[1] GNI[2] wage [3] UN[4] CoE[5] OSCE[6 …   Wikipedia

  • Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe — The Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE is the parliamentary dimension of the Organization for Security and Co operation in Europe. The primary task of the 320 member Assembly is to facilitate inter parliamentary dialogue, an important aspect of… …   Wikipedia

  • Security and Co-operation in Europe, Organization for — ▪ international organization formerly (1972–94)  Conference on Security and Co operation in Europe        organization of representatives of virtually all the states of Europe, as well as the United States and Canada, committed to formalizing… …   Universalium

  • security and protection system — Introduction       any of various means or devices designed to guard persons and property against a broad range of hazards, including crime, fire, accidents, espionage, sabotage, subversion, and attack.       Most security and protection systems… …   Universalium

  • Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation — The Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation is an agency within the United States Department of State responsible for managing a broad range of nonproliferation, counterproliferation, and arms control functions. The bureau leads U.S …   Wikipedia

  • Human Rights Chamber for Bosnia and Herzegovina — This article refers to the Human Rights Chamber for Bosnia and Herzegovina, a Dayton Peace Agreement institution; it should not be confused with the separate International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, which is a criminal court of… …   Wikipedia

  • Contact Point for Roma and Sinti Issues — The Contact Point for Roma and Sinti Issues is the main structure within the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) assisting governments in implementing their commitments relating to the rights of Roma and Sinti populations.… …   Wikipedia

  • Black Sea Forum for Partnership and Dialogue — legend|#00ff00|observersThe inaugural session of the Black Sea Forum for Partnership and Dialogue (BSF) was held on June 4 ndash;6, 2006 in Bucharest. The Forum is a Romanian initiative, initially meant to hold annual presidential level summits… …   Wikipedia

  • Common Security and Defence Policy — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.